ATF Rule 2021 R-05F

ATF Rule 2021 R-05F

What It Does

Ghost guns are do-it-yourself, homemade guns, produced with simple building blocks available online. In May 2021, the federal government proposed a rule that would finally clarify that these parts qualify as traditional firearms, and must be sold with serial numbers and background checks. Several states have also acted, including with requirements that all ghost guns must be reported to officials. The strongest laws also regulate the spread of guns that can be made with 3-D printers.

The Impact

More than 2,500 ghost guns were connected to criminal activity in 114 cases in the past decade. In California, these guns make up over 30% of all crime gun recoveries.

 

Ghost Guns Regulated

Policy adopted?What does the state law require?
Alabama
Alaska
Arizona
Arkansas
California Serial numbers and background checks for component parts, all ghost guns must be reported to officials.
Colorado
Connecticut Serial numbers and background checks for component parts, all ghost guns must be reported to officials, no plastic undetectable guns.
Delaware Serial numbers and background checks for component parts, no plastic undetectable guns, no 3D printing of guns, no distribution of 3D printing instructions.
Florida
Georgia
Hawaii Serial numbers and background checks for component parts, all ghost guns must be reported to officials, no 3D printing of guns.
Idaho
Illinois Serial numbers and background checks for all firearms and component parts.
Indiana
Iowa
Kansas
Kentucky
Louisiana
Maine
Maryland Serial numbers and background checks for all firearms and component parts. All ghost guns must be reported to officials.
Massachusetts No plastic undetectable guns
Michigan
Minnesota
Mississippi
Missouri
Montana
Nebraska
Nevada Serial numbers and background checks for component parts
New Hampshire
New Jersey Serial numbers and background checks for component parts, all ghost guns must be reported to officials, no 3D printing of guns, no distribution of 3D printing instructions, no plastic undetectable guns.
New Mexico
New York Serial numbers and background checks for component parts, all ghost guns must be reported to officials, no plastic undetectable guns.
North Carolina
North Dakota
Ohio
Oklahoma
Oregon
Pennsylvania
Rhode Island Serial numbers and background checks for component parts, no 3D printing of guns
South Carolina
South Dakota
Tennessee
Texas
Utah
Vermont
Virginia No plastic undetectable guns
Washington Serial numbers and background checks for component parts, no plastic undetectable guns
West Virginia
Wisconsin
Wyoming

Show Citations and Footnotes

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